The Southern Christian Soldier fought for a just cause, and in the light of their accomplishments it can never be dimmed by any revision of History. As a Christian I”m proud and honored to take a stand for the Confederate soldiers today. We must accurately preserve for future generation the legacy they left behind. Today there are people who want to ban our ancestors symbols, denigrate their honor, and deny us our Confederate heritage. Christian of the South rejects any groups whose actions tarnish, or distort the image of the Confederate soldier or his reasons for fighting. Christians of the South continues to serve as a non-political, Southern patriotic, historical, and educational website dedicated to insuring and preserving the word of God and the Confederate soldier’s and sailor’s memory, and presenting the motives for there sacrifice! And this is why I put this website together. I hope you get as much of a blessing reading it as I got in making it and remember to always put your trust in God.
For more info write to us at :
CHRISTIANS OF THE SOUTH
P.O. Box 2065 Belleview, Florida. 34491
Or e-mail us at: email@example.com
President and vice President of the Confederate States of America
A question settled by violence, or in disregard of law, must remain unsettled forever. President Jefferson Davis
vice President Alexander Stephens
The President of the Confederate States was the Head of State of the short-lived republic of the Confederate States of America, which seceded from the United States. The only person to hold the office was Jefferson Davis of Mississippi. He was president from February 18, 1861, to May 10, 1865, and his vice-president was Alexander Stephens.
General Robert E. Lee's Headquarters Flag, Army of Northern Virginia. The cotton and wool bunting flag was used by Robert E. Lee during the early part of the War. It flew only over stationary camps, not on the battlefield. At the end of the War the flag was found stored with the Confederate War Department's records, packed among captured Federal colors. It is possible that the flag, or at least its odd star arrangement, was produced by the general's wife.
The words to DIXIE
I wish I was in the land of cotton old time there are not forgotten,
Look away! Look away! Look away! Dixie Land.
In Dixie Land, where I was born in, Early on one frosty morning,
Look away! Look Away! Look Away! Dixie Land.
Then I wish I was in Dixie, Hooray! Hooray!
In Dixie Land, I’ll take my stand, To live and die in Dixie:
Away! Away! Away down South in Dixie
Away! Away! Away down South in Dixie
Flags of the Confederacy & The Salute to the Confederate Flag
I Salute the Confederate Flag With affection, reverence, And Undying devotion To the Cause For which it Stands
The Bonnie Blue / Secession Banner
The origin of this flag is obscure. A blue field with a single white star was carried by troops fighting for Texas independence. This flag seem to have been used as a secession banner as it was seen in the streets of Montgomery during the first Session of the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States of America. The song “The Bonnie Blue Flag” was written by Harry MacCarthy and first sung by him in a theatre in New Orleans, The immediate popularity of the song gave immortality to the banner.
The First National / The Stars and Bars Adopted March 4,1861
The first flag to be adopted by the Confederate States of America was the First National the Stars and Bars, with 7 white stars in the blue field, one for each Confederate State at the time of adoption. This flag was raised over the Capitol Building in Montgomery, Alabama, at sunrise on March 4, 1861; being unfurled by a grand-daughter of President John Tyler, of Virginia. It is now used with 13 stars in the blue field by the United Daughters of the Confederacy as their insignia.
The Battle Flag / The Cross of Saint Andrews Adopted September 1861
At the Battle of Manassas July 21, 1861, General Beauregard was anxiously hoping for reinforcements, while holding his ground against great odds. The reinforcements came, but for a time the General could not tell whether the troops were Confederate or Federal. The Stars and Bars of the First National flag in the dust and heat of the battle could scarcely be distinguished from the Stars and Stripes of the Federal flag. General Beauregard decided that this must not happen again, that the Confederacy must have a flag that could not be mistaken. The Confederate Battle flag was adopted in September 1861 and witch was the flag to fellow the Confederacy until the end of the war. The Confederate Battle flag was only used in thee sizes Infantry size 52”x52” Artillery size 38”x38” and Cavalry size 32”x32” And it is the insignia of the United Confederate Veterans. The flag you see today is called the Navy Jack.
The Second National / The Stainless Banner Adopted May 1, 1863 The likeness of the First National flag and the Federal flag often caused confusion, therefore, the Confederate Congress on May 1, 1863, adopted the design for a new flag. The Second National flag was a white flag with the “Battle Flag” In the upper left hand corner.
The Third National / The last Flag of the Confederacy Adopted March 4, 1865
It was found that the Second National Flag when hanging limp, it could easily be mistaken for a flag of truce, so on March 4, 1865 Congress again changed the National Flag. this was done by placing a broad red bar across the end of the Second National Flag, thus forming the Third National Flag the last flag of the Confederacy…And the flag we have today.
General Robert E. Lee on Payer
On April 8, 1864, General Robert E. Lee issued orders for his troops to observe the “day of fasting, humiliation, and prayer” that had been proclaimed: Soldiers! Let us humble ourselves before the Lord, our God, asking through Christ, the forgiveness of our sins, beseeching the aid of the God of our forefathers in the defense of our homes and our liberties, thanking His past blessings, and imploring their continuance upon our cause and our people. General Robert E. Lee wrote: Knowing that intercessory prayer is our mightiest weapon and the supreme call for all Christians today, I pleadingly urge our people everywhere to pray. Believing that prayer is the greatest contribution that our people can make in this critical hour, I humbly urge that we take time to pray-to really pray. Let there be prayer at sunup, at noonday, at sundown, at midnight-all through the day. Let us pray for our children, our youth, our aged, our pastors, our homes. Let us pray for our churches. Let us pray for ourselves, that we may not lose the word “concern” out of our Christian vocabulary. Let us pray for our nation. Let us pray for those who have never known Jesus Christ and redeeming love, for moral forces everywhere, for our national leaders. Let prayer be our passion. Let prayer be our practice. General Lee once remarked to Chaplain John William Johns regarding the Bible: There are things in the old Book which I may be able to explain, but I fully accept it as the infallible word of God, and receive its teachings as inspired by the Holy Spirit. General Robert E. Lee was visited in his tent by Chaplain John Williams Jones and General Stonewall Jackson’s Chaplain, B.T. Lacey. They told the General that all the chaplains were praying for him. As Jones recorded, tears came to General Lee’s eyes as he said: Please thank them for that, sir-I warmly appreciate it. And I can only say that I am nothing but a poor sinner, trusting in Christ alone for salvation, and need all of the prayer they can offer me.
Louis Nopoleon Nelson
In 1863, after many members of a Tennessee regiment had fallen in battle Sons of Confederate Veterans member Nelson Winbush Grandfather, Chaplain Louis Nopoleon Nelson “uncle Louis” a Black Confederate Soldier read sincere and earnest eulogies to his fallen comrades, and prayed over the wounded with unsurpassed zeal. Louis Nopoleon Nelson was one of Thousands of blacks that served the Confederacy as laborers, teamsters, cooks, and solders. Some estimates indicate 25% of free blacks and 15% of slaves actively supported the South during the war.
INCIDENTS WITH THE BIBLE
At the battle of Malvern Hill, W. G. Norwood with Company D, 5th. Texas Infantry was saved by his Bible. The rifle ball struck his breast over his heart penetrating through his Bible, but not until it stopped at the fifth chapter of Psalm over the eleventh and twelfth verses; “But let all those that put their trust in thee rejoice: let them ever shout for joy, because thou defendest them: let them also that love thy name be joyful in thee…For thou, Lord, wilt bless the righteous; with favour wilt thou compass him as with a shield” he survived the war.
Native American Confederates
Flags of Navive American Confederates Cherokee Braves Flag, the Chictaws Flag, and the Seminoles Flag
The following are Native American Confederate tribes, inlisting within the southern ranks in the war between the States. are the Cherokee, the Chickasaw, the Chictaw, theCreek, and the Seminole. The last Confederate General to stand down was Brig. Gen. Stand Watie, a Cherokee. On June 23, 1865, long after the war in the east had ended, Watie agreed to cease-fire terms at Ft. Towson in Choctaw Nations area of Indian Territory.
Death held no terror for the Christian soldier, They faced danger with a serene calmness of one who had nothing to fear. This kind of belief is the what made General Thomas J. Jackson a “Stonewall” in the face of danger at Bull Run. When ask “How is it that you can keep so cool and appear so utterly insensible to danger in such a storm of shell and bullets as rained about you when your hand was hit?” He answered, “My religious belief teaches me to feel as safe in battle as in bed, God has fixed the time for my death. I do not concern myself about that, but always be ready, no matter when it may overtake me.” And he added, “That is the way all man should live, and then all would be equally brave.” Jackson knew that God knows and does all things for the best. Jackson who was a very stern, silent man with little sense of humor and believes in the word of God and would not drink, smoke, dance, curse, play cards, or attend the theater. Born on January 21, 1824. will graduate from West Point in 1846 to fight in the Mexican War. And stayed in the army until 1851, when he left to join the faculty of the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington, Va. In 1860 he join the Confederacy. In the War Between the States (The Civil War) On the Battlefield he was daring, calm, decisive, and got his name “Stonewall Jackson” Jackson died on Sunday May 10, 1863. His last words was.
“Let us cross over the river and rest under the shade of the tree.
"Rebel Sons of Erin" They too fought for the Cause. America's Irish community - like so many other Americans - was divided by the War Between the States. Irish volunteers in the North achieved fame through the battlefield exploits of units like "Meagher's Irish Brigade." Less known, but no less fervent in their patriotism, were Southern Irishmen - who promptly took up arms in defense of the South and Southern Independence. Most prominent among Irish Confederate commanders was General Patrick R. Cleburne, and among the best-known Irish Confederates were the troops of the 10th Tennessee, C.S.A.
Abram Joseph Ryan was born February 5, 1838, in Hagerstown, Maryland, the son of Irish immigrant parents. (Some sources claim he was actually born more than a year later, on August 15, 1839, in Norfolk, Virginia, but the 1838 date and the Maryland location seem to be more universally accepted. The existence of a Fr. Ryan house in Norfolk indicates that at least part of his early childhood may have been spent in that city.) Young Ryan soon migrated west with his family to St. Louis, Missouri, where he was educated at the Christian Brothers School. He studied for the priesthood at Niagra University in New York State and was ordained a priest in the Vincentian order on November 1, 1856. He taught theology first at the university and then at the diocesan seminary in Cape Girardeau, Missouri, until the beginning of the War Between the States. A Southerner to the core in spite of his Irish heritage and mostly Northern upbringing, Fr. Ryan enlisted in the Confederate Army on September 1, 1862, and served as a chaplain throughout the conflict, carrying the wounded to safety and performing last rites on the battlefield. His first piece of poetry was inspired by the death of a younger brother in action, and he quickly became known as the "Poet-Priest of the Confederacy." After the War, Fr. Ryan moved from parish to parish throughout the South. After stays in Biloxi, Mississippi; Nashville, Knoxville, and Clarksville, Tennessee; and Macon and Augusta, Georgia, he finally settled at St. Mary's parish in Mobile, Alabama. There he established a weekly literary magazine known as "The Banner of the South," in which most of his poetry was published. He also put out several volumes of verse, including Father Ryan's Poems and A Crown for Our Queen. During a yellow fever epidemic that swept through the city, Ryan ministered tirelessly to the ill and dying, further cementing his place in the people's affections. Fr. Ryan died April 22, 1886, at a Franciscan monastery in Louisville, Kentucky, but was returned to his spiritual home at St. Mary's in Mobile for burial. To the end of his life, he offered no apologies for the South and refused to concede anything to the victorious Union. In recognition of his loyal service to the Confederacy, a stained glass window was placed in the Confederate Memorial Hall in New Orleans, Lousiana, in his memory. His most famous poem is
“The Conquered Banner" "The Sword of Robert Lee" "The South" "C.S.A."
Jewish Confederate, Judah Philip Benjamin (August 6, 1811–May 6, 1884) was a British-American politician and lawyer, who served as a representative in the Louisiana State Legislature, as U.S. Senator for Louisiana, in three successive cabinet posts in the government of the Confederate States of America, and as a distinguished barrister and Queen's Counsel in England. He was the second Jew (after David Levy Yulee of Florida) to serve as a U.S. Senator and the first in the cabinet of a North American government, and had the opportunity to be the first Jewish nominee to the U.S. Supreme Court, though he declined the position..
INCIDENTS WITH THE BIBLE
Evan H. Lawrence, serving with the 63rd Georgia Regt. Was saved by his Bible at Kennesaw Mountain. The Minnie ball struck his left breast pocket over his heart stopping at the fifty second chapter of Isaiah the seventh verse; “How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation; that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!” After the war he became a Baptist minister and his first sermon preached was the text where the bullet had stopped. On April 8, 1864,
"Missouri" Battle Flag, Trans-Mississippi Department: This flag was found almost exclusively with Missouri regiments in the Department, and that is why it is often called the "Missouri" Battle Flag. The flag was blue bordered with red with a white Roman cross near the hoist of the flag.
“Do always what is right, not calculating what is expedient, and with pure heart and true devoting go straight forward and do it.” he wrote to a daughter the day before died, Such was the temper of Southern Cross of Honor Leonidas Polk.
The son of a Revolutionary War veteran, Leonidas Polk was born April 10,1806. in Raleigh, North Carolina wail at the United States Military Academy. At West Point he made friends with a cadet named Jefferson Davis and roomed with Albert Sidney Johnston. In his junior year Polk was converted to Christianity and soon felt the call to the ministry graduating in 1827. Polk resigned from the army in order to attend Virginia Theological Seminary. After ordination in 1830 later that same year he married Frances Ann Devereux. They would have six daughters and two sons. The growing family moved to Tennessee where Polk labored in the Episcopal ministry. Just prior to the War Between the States, with the triumph that year of the Republican Party, Polk prayed for the untroubled birth of a new Southern nation. he wrote to a friend, “I cannot but think and hope that the good sense and Christian feeling of the North will prevail over passion and pride, and that we shall be saved from such a disaster and be permitted to go in peace.” When Lincoln instead chose war, Polk offered his services to President Davis and soon found himself a major general in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States of America. “I believe most solemnly that it is for Constitutional liberty…that we strike.” He told a fellow bishop. In 1861 Polk occupied and fortified Columbus, Kentucky he would later in counter Ulysses S. Grant’s raid on Belmont, Missouri. After commanded an infantry corps at the battle of Shiloh, he was promoted to lieutenant general in October 1862. Leading his corps in the Army of Tennessee, their battle flag a star studded red cross of Saint George on a field of blue this flag inspired by the emblem of the Episcopal Church. Polk’s man fought at the battle of Murfreesboro and in the Tullahoma campaign, After his victory at Chickamauga, general Braxton Bragg was furious Polk removing him from command President Davis sought to settle the issue by transferring Polk to Mississippi, under Joseph E. Johnston, Polk rejoined the Army of Tennessee to faced W.T. Sherman in Georgia. No one doubted Polk’s piety and many looked to him for spiritual direction. In Dalton, Georgia, fellow corps commander John Bell Hood asked to be baptized by the bishop-general. Polk went on to confirm Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee in his faith. “General Johnston who has never been baptized,” wife Lydia Johnston wrote to Polk, “It is the dearest wish of my heart that he should be, and you should perform the ceremony would be great gratification to me. I have written to him on the subject, and am sure he only awaits your leisure.” Polk administered the sacrament to the army commander in what one witness called “a very solemn scene.” On June 12, 1864, Polk received copies of a religious pamphlet just published by Rev. Charles T. Quintard, chaplain attached to his staff, entitled “Balm for the Weary and Wounded.” Intending to present the inscribed booklets to Generals Johnston, Hood, and Hardee, Polk placed the copies in his coat pocket. Meeting with these officers on June 14, near a South Carolina artillery battery posted atop Pine Mountain, Georgia, they quickly came under fire of Yankee artillery. As the others rode to safety, a three-inch iron shell tore through Polk’s left chest, killing him instantly. “We have lost much, I would rather anything but this.” Cried a grieving Johnston, When Polk’s coat was removed, one pocket was found to hold The Book of Common Prayer, in the other were the blood-soaked pamphlets. Buried first in Augusta, Georgia, the remains of General Polk and his wife Frances were re-interred at Christ Church Cathedral in New Orleans.
General Leonidas Polk's Corps, Army of Tennessee: The Confederate General and Episcopal Bishop of Louisiana chose this Battle Flag. The Episcopal Church flag is a red cross of St. George. It is featured as the central device in Polk's Corps flag. The is a white fimbration to separate the cross from the blue field and white stars representing the Confederate states are placed on the red cross.
I asked God for strength, that I might achieve,
I was made week, that I might learn humbly to obey.
I asked God for health, that I might do greater things,
I was given infirmity, that I might do better things.
I asked for riches, that I might be happy,
I was given poverty, that I might be wise.
I asked for power, that I might have the praise of men,
I was given weakness, that I might feel the need of God.
I asked for all things, that I might enjoy life,
I was given life, that I might enjoy all things.
I got nothing that I asked for but everything I had hoped for.
Almost despite myself my unspoken prayers were answered.
I am among man, most richly blessed.
Found on the body of a valiant Southern soldier
killed during the Battle of Fredricksburg, December 1862
General Dabney Maury's Headquarters Flag.This flag was used for a time by General Maury, Department of the Gulf, at his headquarters in Mobile, AL from around 1863- the capture of the city in late in the war. Another example of the Christian theme and principles emulated by the Confederate Armies.
Confederate State of Florida
January 19, 1807. General Robert E. Lee Birthday
March 4, 1861. Flag Day Confederate States of America
April 26, 2006 Confederate Memorial Day
Flags of Florida, The Chase Flag, The Secession Flag 1861, Florida's State Flag 1861.
256.051 Improper use or mutilation of state or Confederate flag or emblem prohibited
(1) It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to copy, print, publish, or otherwise use the flag or state emblem of Florida, or the flag or emblem of the Confederate States, or any flag or emblem used by the Confederate States or the military or naval forces of the Confederate States at any time within the years 1860 to 1865, both inclusive, for the purpose of advertising, selling, or promoting the sale of any article of merchandise whatever within this state.
(2) It shall also be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to mutilate, deface, defile, or contemptuously abuse the flag or emblem of Florida or the flag or emblem of the Confederate States by any act whatever
(3) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the use of any flag, standard, color, shield, ensign, or other insignia of Florida or of the Confederate States for decorative or patriotic purposes.
John Jackson Dickison No account of Gainesville's experiences during the Civil War would be complete without mentioning Captain John Jackson Dickison's famous Company H of the Second Florida Calvary. Dickison’s outfit, organized in August 1862 in Marion County, was composed of some of the best soldiers and horsemen of the entire state. Dickison, called "Florida's most conspicuous soldier," remained in Florida throughout the Civil War; his headquarters were in Palatka much of the time but he roamed all over the state, functioning as the principal thorn in the side of the Federal forces. There is an historical marker about Capt. Dickison on State Road 24 in Waldo. An excellent book about Capt. Dickison is "Dickison and His Men, Reminiscences of the War in Florida," written by Mary Elizabeth Dickison and published in 1890.
Battle flag for a company of Confederate infantry raised in Bath County, Virginia. This flag is made of fine blue silk, which saw service all through the war, and which was presented by the ladies of Bath County. With a series of ornate, white scrolls in the center. At the top of the flag it reads "PRESENTED BY THE LADIES OF BATH," and at the bottom reads "GOD PROTECT THE RIGHT."
The Congressional Record of March 2, 1928.
Reports senate joint resolution No. 41 wherein congress recognized the title
War Between the States as proper.
A war was waged from 1861 to 1865 between two organized governments: the United States of America, and the Confederate States of America. These were the official titles of the contending parties. It was not a “Civil War,” as it was not fought between two parties within the same government. It was not a “War of Secession,” for the southern States seceded without a thought of war. The right of a State to secede had never been questioned. It was not a “War of Rebellion” for sovereign, independent States, co-equal, can not rebel against each other. It was a War Between the States, because twenty-two non-seceding States made war upon eleven seceding States to force them back into the Union of States. It was not until after the surrender of 1865 that secession was decided to be unconstitutional.
While attending a reunion of Confederate veterans in Atlanta in July 1898, Mrs. Alexander S. Erwin of Athens, Ga., conceived the idea of bestowing the Southern Cross of Honor on Confederate veterans . Mrs. Erwin and Mrs. Sarah E. Gabbett of Atlanta are credited with the design of the medal: a Maltese cross with a wreath of laurel surrounding the words "Deo Vindice (God Vindicat) 1861-1865" and the inscription, "Southern Cross of Honor" on the face. On the reverse side is a Confederate battle flag surrounded by a laurel wreath and the words "United Daughters of the Confederacy to the UCV." Mr. Charles W. Crankshaw of Atlanta was chosen to manufacture the Crosses, but the first order was not given until the UDC had secured a copyright (February 20, 1900). During the first 18 months of the Cross's availability, 12,500 were ordered and delivered. Only a Confederate veteran could wear the Southern Cross of Honor, and it could only be bestowed through the UDC. Money could not buy the Cross; they were bought by loyal, honorable service to the South and given in recognition of this devotion. The first Cross ever bestowed was upon Mrs. Erwin’s husband, Captain Alexander S. Erwin, by the Athens (Ga.) Chapter on April 26, 1900. To request confirmation of the bestowal of a Southern Cross of Honor between 1900 and 1913 and/or for any information available for subsequent years, please download the research request form [Microsoft Word file PDF file] and mail to: UDC Memorial Building Southern Cross of Honor Research328 North Boulevard Richmond, VA 23220-4009
GENERAL ROBERT E. LEE
DEFINITION OF A GENTLEMAN
The forbearing use of power does not only form a touchstone, but the manner in which an individual enjoys certain advantages over others is a test of a true gentleman. The power which the strong have over the weak, the employer over the employed, the educated over the unlettered, the experienced over the confiding, even the clever over the silly the forbearing or inoffensive use of all this power or authority, or a total abstinence from it when the case admits it, will show the gentleman in plain light. The gentleman dos not needlessly and unnecessarily remind an offender of a wrong he may have committed against him. He cannot only forgive, he can forget; and he strives for that nobleness of self and mildness of character which impart sufficient to let the past be the past. A true man of honor feel humbled himself when he cannot help humbling others.
GENERAL ROBERT E. LEE IN HIS OWN WORDS & WISDOM,
We can learn a lot from the character of a man through his own words. Hear are some of General Robert E. Lee’s wisdom and thoughts on various topics:
Character: As a general principal, you should not force young man to do their duty, but let them do it voluntarily and thereby develop their characters.
Choices: I think it better to do right, even if we suffer in so doing, then to incur the reproach of our consciences and posterity.
Conduct: We have only one rule hear (at Washington College) to act like gentleman at all times.
Defeat: We may be annihilated, but we cannot be conquered.
Determination: We had, I was satisfied, sacred principles to maintain and rights to defend, for which we were in duty bound to do our best, even if we perished in the endeavor.
Dreams: All I ever wanted was a Virginia farm, on end of cream and fresh butter and fried chicken-not one fried chicken, or two, but unlimited fried chicken.
Duty: Do your duty. That is all the pleasure, all the comfort, all the glory we can enjoy in this world.
Education: The education of a man or woman is never completed until they die.
Faith: I trust that a kind Providence will watch over us, and notwithstanding our weakness and sins will yet give us a name and place among the nations of the earth.
Farewells: After four years of arduous service marked by unsurpassed courage and fortitude, the Army of Northern Virginia has been compelled to yield to overwhelming numbers and resources. With an unceasing admiration of your constancy and devotion to your country, and a grateful remembrance of your kind and generous consideration for myself, I bid you an affectionate farewell.
Forgiveness: Abandon your animosities, and make your sons Americans.
Honesty: The trite saying that honesty is the best policy has met with the just criticism that honesty is not policy. The real honest man is honest from conviction of what is right, not from policy.
Honor: A true man of honor feels humble himself when he can not help humbling others.
Integrity: There is a true glory and a true honor: the glory of duty done the honor of the integrity of principle.
Loyalty: If the Union is dissolved, the government disrupted, I shall return to my native state and share in the miseries of my people. Save in her defense, I will draw my sword no more.
Patriotism: These men are not an army-they are citizens defending their country.
Perseverance: We must expect reverses, even defeats. They are sent to teach us wisdom and prudence, to call forth greater energies, and to prevent our falling into greater disasters.
Promotion: What do you care about rank. I would serve under a corporal if necessary!
Purpose: I am glad to see no indication in your letter of an intention to leave the country. I think the south requires the aid of her sons now more than at any period in her history. As you ask my purpose, I will state that I have no thought of abandoning her unless compelled to do so.
Regrets: If I had taken General Longstreet’s advice on the eve of the second day of the battle of Gettysburg…then the Confederates would today be a free people.
Union Atrocities: I have never witnessed on any previous occasion such entire disregard of the usage of civilized warfare and the dictates of humanity.
Vengeance: It must be remembered that we make war only upon armed men, and that we cannot take vengeance for the wrongs our people have suffered without lowering ourselves in the eyes of all whose abhorrence has been excited by the atrocities of our enemies…
This unit was attached to Brig. Gen. Henry E. McCulloch's 1st Brigade of Maj. Gen. John G. Walker's Division ("Walker's Texas Division" - the only Division comprised entirely of men from a single state), Maj. Gen. Richard Taylor's District of Western Louisiana in Lt. Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith's Trans-Mississippi Department and was commanded by Col. Robert T. Allen. [Refer to Edwin Bearss' The Vicksburg Campaign,
The C.S.S. Alabama
one of the Civil War's most notorious ships, the C.S.S. Alabama, a Confederate raider lost on an unlikely battlefield off the coast of France. The sinking of the Alabama on June 19, 1864, was big news. "The Battle of the U.S.S. Kearsarge and the C.S.S. Alabama" In the 22 months it roved the seas, from Brazil to Singapore, the Alabama obliterated 65 Union merchant ships. The 220-foot-long vessel, fitted with eight cannons and a retractable smokestack, was built for Rafael "Old Beeswax" Semmes, an Alabama captain with a waxed handlebar mustache (hence his nickname) and a track record for burning enemy ships. The vessel was constructed in secrecy in Liverpool, England, under the name 290. On July 29, 1862, Semmes told customs officials he was taking the finished ship out for a test run. Packed with ladies and gentlemen who were treated to champagne and lunch, the 290 left Liverpool for a "short excursion." At the mouth of the Mersey River, Semmes unloaded the surprised merrymakers into a tugboat and high-tailed it 2,000 miles southwest to the Azores, where guns, ammunition, and a crew were waiting. Within two months, the Alabama—renamed for its captain's home state—had burned 19 Union ships without firing a shot: Semmes's ploy was to raise a British flag, board the ship, seize its goods, take prisoners, and set it afire. The New York Times and Harper's Weekly dubbed Semmes a pirate, but the South celebrated him as a hero. After almost two years at sea, Semmes paused in the Cherbourg harbor to repair the Alabama's hull and take on fresh ammunition. Hearing of the elusive vessel's landing, Capt. John Winslow of the U.S.S. Kearsarge blocked its exit. A few minutes before 11:00 a.m., the Alabama fired the first shot. One shell hit the Kearsarge's unprotected stern post—a potentially fatal wound—but didn't explode. The Alabama was less fortunate. "Nearly every shot from the U.S.S. Kearsarge our guns was telling fearfully on the Alabama, By noon, the Alabama had slipped beneath the waves. Photo of C.S.S. Albama's Capt. Rafael Semmes
The H.L. Hunley
Imagine, if you can, It's the night of Feb. 17, 1864. 26-year-old Confederate naval captain, Lt. George E. Dixon, from Kentucky, is standing in front of a new military marvel — a 39-foot submersible iron ship called a submarine. At its widest point, the craft is only four feet across, and on top of that, it's only three-and-a-half feet deep. standing about six feet tall, a man must squeeze through a hatch 16 inches in diameter into a tiny compartment that also contains eight other crew members. all folding into an almost fetal position, must propel the submarine by hand into the dark and quiet waters of the Atlantic off the coast of Charleston, S.C. to where Union ships have blockaded Charleston Harbor.there mission is to open up the harbor by sinking one of these giants. No submarine has ever accomplished this task. In fact, the submarine is the first to make history the H. L. Hunley, the first submarine ever to sink an enemy ship, in this case the U.S.S. Housatonic. The mystery and tragedy surrounding the Hunley and its captain remained a mystery for more than 130 years, until it’s discovery located it about three miles off Sullivan's Island in South Carolina when Dixon's remains were uncovered "The presence of the $20 gold piece He carried giving to him by his believed Queen in Mobile to be a good-luck charm when a bullet struck Dixon in the leg at precisely the spot where the coin rested, warping it into the shape of a bell. If not for the coin, Dixon might have lost his leg, or even his life. After the incident, Dixon inscribed the words "Shiloh April 6, 1862 My life Preserver G.E.D." and carried the coin with him wherever he went confirms the identity of Lt. George E. Dixon who was found slumped forward at the battle station, where he manned the diving and steering instruments. "The coin was found on Dixon's remains and in the middle of some textiles. he kept in his pocket,.. Dixon and the other eight sailors in his crew was buried in Magnolia Cemetery in Charleston S.C.
The C.S.S. Virginia (The U.S.S. Merrimack)
The steam frigate, CSS Virginia (formerly the USS Merrimack),burned but inadequately destroyed by the Northern navy the previous spring, had been raised by the Confederates, rebuilt, and armored with three inches of iron and a four-foot iron beak. It was ugly, unwieldy with a 22-foot draft, but a very effective guardian. On March 8, the Virginia slowly steamed out of the Elizabeth River, heading for the two large wooden warships, the USS Cumberland and the USS Congress, which patrolled the mouth of the James and Hampton Roads. The Union guard was down, and washing lines hung from the Cumberland. It was hard for the Yankees to believe that a ship which, as Bruce Catton writes, "looked like a derelict barn adrift on the tide, submerged to the eaves," could pose a serious threat. All day hundreds of people watched from the shores as the Federal fire bounced off the Virginia's iron plates and both Union warships burned and sank. The next day the Virginia encountered a far more worthy opponent, for the recently built USS Monitor had arrived at Hampton Roads in the nick of time. Described as a "tin can on a shingle" but more maneuverable than the Confederate ironclad, it challenged the Virginia, and they battled to a draw by noon. For the next two months, the rival ironclads glared at each other in Hampton Roads, each unwilling to risk destruction. When finally the Confederate forces had to retreat from Norfolk, the Virginia, its draft too deep to navigate the river channel, had to be blown up. Photo of C.S.S. Virginia's Flag Officer Franklin Buchanan.
The Battle Flag from the Confederate ironclad The C.S.S. Virginia (formerly The U.S.S. Merrimack)
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